When it comes to purchasing heavy machinery, there are many factors to consider, and perhaps none is more important than the intended use of the excavator.

There is a range of different excavators on the market, each designed for specific applications, and you can purchase a suitable model for your business by understanding your needs. This blog post will discuss what to consider when purchasing an excavator.

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What Are the Different Types of Excavators Available on the Market Today? And What Are Their Benefits and Features?

Various excavators are available for any project, from backyard gardening to commercial construction.

It is imperative to know the advantages and disadvantages of various excavator sizes to select the right size excavator for your job. The sizes of excavators can be divided into three main categories based on the weight of the machine.

Below are the three main types:

  1. Mini (Compact) Excavators: These types of excavators are generally used for smaller projects, such as landscaping, digging holes, or indoor projects, as they can handle tight spaces and smaller areas.
  2. Standard Excavators: These types of excavators are most commonly used for outdoor projects as they are larger and can handle more materials. They are also used for a wide range of jobs for commercial construction projects, weighing anywhere between 7 and 45 metric tons. These machines can also support a variety of different tools and so can be customised to suit the job at hand.
  3. Large Excavators: Best suited for more heavy-duty projects, these types of excavators usually weigh more than a huge 25 tons and are generally used for large outdoor projects as they can handle larger areas as well as demolition or digging foundations for apartment buildings or shopping complexes. They are also convenient for transporting large volumes of materials such as soil.

So, as you can see, choosing the right excavator size for your needs will depend on your project requirements.

You will need to consider factors like the terrain you are working on, how deep you need to dig, how far you will need your machine to reach, and the height for lifting. As well as the layout of the site you are working on, the load weight and capacities, transportation, and storage are other factors to consider.

Below is a more extensive list of the different types of excavators that are available and their benefits and features:

Long-Reach Excavators

Long-reach excavators are a type of excavator that can extend up to great heights.

The long-reach excavator is an extended version of the standard excavator. With greater reach, the machine can finish large jobs faster and more precisely than a standard excavator.

The long-reach excavator’s boom and arm are an extension of the standard machine; this machine’s track allows it to reach difficult-to-reach places. These machines are used to clear land for construction or specialised jobs.

Standard Excavators

Standard excavators are adaptable tools of various sizes, from small excavators ideal for confined work areas to huge excavators for heavy-duty tasks.

They are helpful in industries that need excavation, such as building, landscaping, mining, farming, and forestry. Standard excavators, which are also referred to as crawler excavators, move over two parallel tracks that offer traction on sloping or steep terrain.

Tracked excavators are ideal for job areas with soft ground because they also have minimal ground pressure. The front of most excavators is equipped with a boom, stick, and bucket.

The bucket arm stretches and descends to dig up soil or other materials before retracting toward the machine to lift the items. While the machine is stationary, the operator may effortlessly dig, transfer, and dump materials like gravel or dirt thanks to the excavator’s 360-degree cab rotation.

For ordinary excavators, buckets and booms come in many sizes and lengths to handle a range of jobs, including trenching, digging, lifting heavy items, moving debris, and demolishing buildings.

Suction Excavators

Suction excavators are excavators that can precisely loosen and remove soil by blasting out soil and materials with high-pressure water and then suction pipe them out.

This kind of excavation does not require cutting, covering, or removal. By using these machines, which are typically used for different kinds of excavators, you can be more productive on any digging, trenching or excavation job by using these machines. Suction excavators have many benefits over other types of excavators as they can save a lot of time and labour costs.

There are lots of types of suction excavators are available on the market, which is very popular among construction companies.

Wheeled Excavators

Wheeled excavators are manoeuvrable and versatile.

The same tasks can be accomplished by these excavators as they can by ordinary excavators. However, they operate better on building sites with hard surfaces like asphalt or concrete. Wheeled excavators are not suitable for areas with soft soil or for hilly or inclined terrain because of their increased ground pressure and poor traction.

Wheeled excavators are easier to manoeuvre and move materials to dump trucks more quickly when working on a flat building site. Another advantage of wheeled excavators is that your employees may drive them to and from job locations rather than tow them on a trailer, saving your business time and money.

There are also many different types of attachments available for excavators, each serving a different purpose to help with your project’s needs:

  • Augers: Auger attachments, which have a hydraulic spiral blade, let you dig holes rapidly and effectively. Auger attachments can create regular holes for fence posts, plants, or structural supports in landscaping and construction.
  • Buckets: Most excavators are equipped with buckets, but not all buckets are the same. Digging and trenching can be done with slim, teeth-filled buckets, while scooping and lifting materials are done with wide, smooth buckets.
  • Couplers: Without a team, you can easily swap between work tools thanks to these accessories. Couplers can increase your excavator’s mobility and increase productivity.
  • Hammers: When removing concrete or other hard surfaces like bricks and rocks, excavator hammer attachments can speed up the demolition process.
  • Rippers: These attachments are strong, multipurpose attachments that can also be used to rip through resistant materials. They can break ground, destroy buildings, and uproot trees.
  • Thumbs: Thumb attachments can expand your excavator’s bucket capacity, enable it to grasp larger pieces of the material you’re excavating, and secure the stuff you’re moving around.

How Much Does an Excavator Cost, and What Factors Will Influence the Final Price?

This can depend on many factors, such as the type and size of the excavator, as well as whether it comes with any attachments, and, of course, whether it is new or used.

An excavator can cost more than £100,000 to purchase. It is worth bearing in mind that the excavator price will include:

  • The purchase price of an excavator.
  • The cost of any attachments you may require.
  • A trailer to transport the excavator.

In addition, you will also need to hire an operator if you cannot operate the excavator yourself.

The hire cost will vary from region to region and depend on the length of the hire period. Hiring an excavator is a great way to save money if you are only planning on using it for short periods or projects where you don’t need something too large and complicated.

If you plan on using it regularly and for long periods, it is worth the investment to buy one outright. Whether you’re a contractor or a construction company owner, you’ll find excavators to be an indispensable addition to your list of essential equipment. Excavators help you complete challenging tasks easily and efficiently, allowing you to work faster and more productively.

Some of the many benefits of owning excavators include:

  • Advanced Technology: Excavators are equipped with advanced features and technologies, making them machines to work with.
  • Comfortable: Excavators are designed with operator comfort in mind, ensuring a safe and comfortable operation for operators.
  • Durable: Excavators are built with heavy-duty components, ensuring a long service life without requiring much maintenance.
  • Highly Capable: Excavators are designed to handle various tasks, making them highly capable machines to work with.
  • High Efficiency: Excavators are incredibly efficient machines at completing jobs quickly, making them a cost-effective solution over labour-intensive processes.
  • High Performance: Excavators are designed with advanced high-performance technology, making them highly efficient machines to work with.
  • Less Downtime: Excavators are designed to work non-stop for long periods without requiring much maintenance.
  • Reduced Labour Costs: Excavators can complete jobs quickly and eliminate the need for manual labour, saving you time and money.
  • Reliable: Excavators are engineered for durability and reliability, ensuring a long-lasting operation.
  • Superior Productivity: Excavators are highly productive machines, allowing you to work faster and be more productive overall.
  • Versatile: Excavators have a wide range of uses and can be used in various settings, including construction, demolition, landscaping, and mining.

How Big of an Excavation Project Can You Realistically Complete With an Excavator?

An excavator is very useful construction equipment; it uses a boom and a dipper arm to dig and move dirt around.

However, the size of the job an excavator can realistically complete will depend on the size and power of the machine. For example, a mini excavator won’t be able to handle the same kinds of tasks that a large excavator will.

Mini excavators are light enough to transport on trailers and small enough to work in tight spaces. They can be used for jobs like digging a hole in the backyard, clearing a space to make room for a swimming pool or garage, moving dirt for the foundation of an extension or shed, and clearing snow.

Because of their small size and limited power, mini excavators aren’t typically used for earthmoving or heavy digging jobs, but they are affordable to own and operate. These machines offer less power than larger excavators and are designed for lighter jobs like digging trenches and moving dirt.

On the other hand, standard and large excavators can dig up large areas of land and perform heavy-duty tasks like commercial construction and landscaping. Here are some of the different tasks an excavator can perform:

  • Digging ditches for drainage and utility lines.
  • Digging foundations for extensions, sheds, and new homes.
  • Digging trenches and holes for plumbing, electrical cables, and gas lines.
  • Excavating for services such as water and drainage pipe installations and the laying of cable and electrical lines.
  • Excavating ponds and cutting through boulders to reshape the landscape.
  • Moving large amounts of snow.
  • Reclamation works by moving stones and boulders and shaping piles of earth and debris into usable land.
  • Shovelling and moving dirt for landscaping jobs and repurposing sites unsuitable for development.

Many more tasks can be completed with an excavator, so the size of the project depends on the project’s needs.

What Are Some Tips for Safely Using an Excavator?

An excavator is a machine that’s used for digging or moving large amounts of material. It’s usually used on construction sites or in mines. Before you start using an excavator, it’s important to know what you’re doing.

Here are some tips for safely operating an excavator:

  • For safe usage, read and abide by the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Adjust controls so that the excavator responds smoothly to operator input.
  • Be careful not to back over people or objects when operating in reverse.
  • Don’t drive too fast for conditions or over obstacles taller than the boom or dipper stick.
  • Use caution when driving over uneven terrain or turning sharp corners with the boom raised or the dipper stick up.
  • Use only attachments recommended by the excavator manufacturer for use with the excavator designed for the intended application.
  • Watch for overhead obstacles when raising or lowering the boom or dipper stick.
  • Wear a seatbelt, eye protection, and ear protection.

Are There Any Laws or Regulations That You Need to Be Aware of When Operating an Excavator?

Operating an excavator is a very serious and dangerous activity, and there are several laws and regulations you need to follow if you’re operating one.

  1. First, you need a valid licence to operate an excavator.
  2. In addition, you’ll need to maintain liability insurance on the machine and on yourself if you’re the operator.
  3. Finally, if you’re operating an excavator on a public road, you must have a Road Use Permit from the Department of Infrastructure.

What Kind of Maintenance is Required for an Excavator, and How Often Should it Be Performed?

When operating an excavator, it’s important to maintain it and keep it in good working condition.

For example, if the engine breaks down, you might not be able to use it for work. Also, if the engine is properly maintained, it will last much longer.

You should perform regular maintenance on your excavator at least once every 100 hours (or about 10 days) of operation. Daily maintenance includes checking the oil, coolant, and other fluids.

Weekly tasks include checking the air filter and spark plugs, as well as greasing and checking the tracks. Monthly tasks include checking all critical components, such as the engine and transmission.

Finally, a yearly inspection should be performed by a certified engineer.


Excavators are a versatile tool that can be used for many different types of projects.

They come in various sizes and have a range of features that make them perfect for any excavation job, big or small. Contact us today if you’re considering purchasing an excavator or want to learn more about these machines.

Our team is happy to answer any questions you may have and help you find the perfect excavator for your needs.